Natural environment  |  Publications  |  12.07.2011

The economics of ecosystems and biodiversity

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) study is a major international initiative to draw attention to the global economic benefits of biodiversity, to highlight the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, and to draw together expertise to enable practical actions moving forward. 

Not all that is very useful commands high value (water, for example) and not everything that has a high value is very useful (such as a diamond).

This example expresses not one but two major learning challenges that society faces today. Firstly, we are still learning the “nature of value”, as we broaden our concept of “capital” to encompass human capital, social capital and natural capital. By recognising and by seeking to grow or conserve these other “capitals” we are working our way towards sustainability.

Secondly, we are still struggling to find the “value of nature”. Nature is the source of much value to us every day, and yet it mostly bypasses markets, escapes pricing and defies valuation. This lack of valuation is, we are discovering, an underlying cause for the observed degradation of ecosystems and the loss of biodiversity.

The TEEB project is about addressing this second challenge, making a comprehensive and compelling economic case for conservation of ecosystems and biodiversity. A major aim of the study was to establish an objective global standard basis for natural capital accounting, and set out a valuation framework and the policies required for the inclusion of biodiversity in the economic compass.

Edited extract from executive summary.

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