In comparison to the other versions, the latest update of the report makes small amends: firstly, it includes the in-depth study of a bottom-up electrification concept developed in the Indian state of Bihar. The new approach tests the effects and potential of the introduction of new technologies in rural areas with parallel offers of innovative financing. Secondly, the study focuses stronger on the introduction of wind and solar energy, while it reduces the focus on the inclusion of bio-energy significantly due to environmental concerns. Thirdly, a power plant market analysis of the last forty years has been added.
Overall, the report is based on two pillars, which are present in each chapter. Firstly, the report demonstrates the benefits of a radical transition to renewable energies. It does so in a very attractive manner: it juxtaposes two future scenarios at different points in time – one where a strong policy focus has been put on RED (the renewables scenarios), and one where this has not happened and fossil energy sources still constitute an important part of the energy mix up until 2050 (the reference scenarios). The main results of this comparision are:
Secondly, the report links those discoveries to concrete policy exigencies to reach the desirable scenario of Energy [R]evolution: