Biofuels have received much attention from decision-makers in government and industry, and of the wider public world-wide. As the number of publications devoted to this renewable source of energy is expanding rapidly, it has become increasingly difficult for decision-makers to identify the key messages on which to build their decisions.
This report is the result of extensive literature examination and a thorough review process, involving a number of experts, to provide a robust assessment of the environmental and social costs and benefits of biofuels, examining both the concerns of critical developments, and describes the options for a more sustainable use of biomass and measures to increase resource productivity.
The focus is on so-called first generation biofuels, due to availability of state-of-the art reviews, but also considers further lines of development.
It takes a global perspective, recognising regional and local differences.
Text from UNEP website.